Eye Injuries

Eye Injury Overview

Your face is designed to protect your eyes from injury, however you will run into eye issues from time to time. It can be an eyelash in your eye to soap or you could get hit by something or even worse, a burn. Most eye injuries are preventable and most can be treated at home.

Something in the eye/foreign object in the eye

eye-inj-1A foreign object in your eye, such as dirt or makeup or a contact lens or eyelash can cause annoying symptoms but are typically not much of a concern. Most people can flush with water or see the object such as an eyelash for easy removal.

Larger objects may scratch or cut the surface of the eye or become stuck on the eye. If the corneais scratched, it can be hard to tell whether the object has been removed, because a scratched cornea may feel painful and as though something is still in the eye. Most corneal abrasions are minor and heal on their own in a few days. You can try to wash the eye out by flushing with water. Sometimes blinking or pulling the upper lid over the lower can help remove a particle. Do not try to remove something directly over your cornea. Call our office if you cannot remove the particle or if there doesn’t seem to be anything in the eye when you attempt to remove.

Small or sharp objects traveling at high speeds can cause serious injury to your eye as well. These injuries might cause bleeding between the iris and cornea, damage to the eyeball or a a change in the size or shape of the pupil. These objects typically will require medical treatment from Dr. Adelson.

Blows to the eye

eye-inj2Most sports related eye injuries result in a direct blow to the eye that can damage the skin, the eyeball or the bones around the eye. Blows to the eye very often cause bruising around the eye or sometimes cuts to the eyelid. If a blow to the eye occurs, be sure to check for injuries to the eyeball itself and for other injuries, especially to the head. Do not rub or apply pressure to the eye post injury. If the injury is distorting your vision or you have significant blood loss, give us a call for evaluation.

Burns to the eye

Most substances you get in your eyes (shampoo, soap, perfume) that make them burn do not cause serious eye problems. Typically flushing the eye with water is the only treatment necessary. Other more serious burns can occur with items such as hair dryers, curling irons, chemicals, fumes, hot steam and even sunlight. Flames from stoves or explosives are also of major concern causing burns to the face and eyes.

Chemical exposure to any part of the eye can result in chemical eye burns. Many substances will not cause damage if they are flushed out of the eye quickly. The severity of the burn depends on the substance that caused it and the length of exposure. It may take 24 hours after the burn to determine the seriousness of an eye burn. Burns to the corneacan also ccur from a source of radiationlike the sun or lights. Bright sunlight can burn your eyes if you don’t wear sunglasses that filter out UV light.

After an eye injury, you need to watch for vision changes or symptoms of an infection. Most minor eye injuries can be treated at home but if you are concerned in any way, please call at 866-340-EYES our office to schedule an appointment for evaluation.